My son is a big fan of Alto’s Adventure, a tablet game, and I just got him the sequel, Alto’s Oddysey. He’s happy as a clam, and I’m watching him play, and I was struck by something.
In the game, you level up. I admit, I don’t 100% know what that means in play – my sense is that it unlocks things in the environment and possibly your access to extras – but that’s not what caught my eye. Rather, the means of levelling up is, effectively, by getting achievements.
That is, to his level 3, my son needs to collect 50 counts, bounce off a balloon and score 500 points in one run. These are all things that are likely to happen in play, but the balloon one caught my eye – while the other two will pretty much just happen if he plays enough, the balloon bounce would seem to require some intentionality and luck.
I suspect the way the game is set up is that situations where he needs to bounce off a baloon to progress are now either being introduced or will be more common. Or at least I would hope so – if the game requires that I do a thing, it seems good design to then tilt things so I’m able to do the thing.
So, of course, that lead to tabletop. We’ve got lots of different ways to handle advancement, and many of them are well designed for their particular needs, but I admit that I now find myself thinking what achievement based advancement would look like in an RPG.
The first question is where the acheivements come from. I think “The GM” is a bad answer, but I could see them as part of the system. I could especially see it for a lifepath style system (like WHFRP or Burning Wheel) where the chain of acheivements kind of organically build into a story, but the model could work for almost any game where you’re expecting the character to have an arc.
The other possibility is for them to be authored by the player. The upside of this is that the player is very *clearly* communicating to the GM the things they want to see in play. If a player has an achievement “Defeat one of the Red Swordsnakes in single combat”, then that is a *gift* to the GM. And if everyone has 3 of these, the GM can quickly scan to see where spotlight needs to go.
This would require some checks. It’s abusable, of course (if the player picks trivial acheivements) but even with good intentions, it may require some discussion to line up the acheivements with the game. I think the best compromise would be pre-written achievements (from the GM, the game, the adventures, player input, everywhere really) which are then chosen among.
These could even be meta goals. The first three acheivements might all be system mastery things. Heck, in 5e, advancement from first to second comes so fast that it might as well be:
 Have a fight
 Make a stat check
 Take a long rest
I don’t think this is a good match for every game, but I can definitely see some situational uses as well – this could be a super easy and fun way to do a live mid-session level up at a con game, or provide clear direction in a short arc.
Not sure what I’m going to do with this thought, but it’s in the stew now.